English Syllabus Class 12 Cbse 2022-23

English Syllabus Class 12 Cbse 2022-23


The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 12 English syllabus for the academic year 2022-23 is a robust framework designed to cultivate language proficiency, critical thinking, and literary appreciation. This pivotal stage in a student’s academic journey lays the foundation for higher education and beyond. In this article, we delve into the various components of the CBSE Class 12 English syllabus, exploring the prescribed texts, themes, and assessment patterns that await students.

Section A: Reading Skills and Comprehension:

The first section of the CBSE Class 12 English syllabus focuses on honing students’ reading skills and comprehension abilities. This involves engaging with a diverse range of texts, from prose and poetry to factual and discursive passages. The emphasis is on developing the ability to extract information, analyze textual nuances, and draw inferences.

Students can expect passages that challenge their critical thinking and analytical skills. The syllabus encourages a deeper understanding of language through comprehension exercises, fostering the capacity to interpret complex ideas and themes. This section acts as a stepping stone for the challenges posed in subsequent sections.

Section B: Writing Skills and Grammar:

The second section of the syllabus is dedicated to enhancing students’ writing skills and reinforcing grammatical proficiency. It encompasses various forms of writing, such as articles, reports, letters, and essays. The focus is not only on the content but also on the organization, coherence, and expression of ideas.

Grammar, a fundamental aspect of linguistic competence, is intricately woven into this section. The syllabus includes exercises that reinforce grammatical rules, ensuring that students develop a strong foundation in language mechanics. The goal is to equip students with the ability to articulate their thoughts effectively in a variety of formats.

Section C: Literature: Texts and Long Reading:

This section is the heart of the CBSE Class 12 English syllabus, encompassing a rich array of literary texts that expose students to diverse genres, cultures, and perspectives. The prescribed texts for the academic year 2022-23 include both prose and poetry, carefully curated to provide a holistic literary experience.

Prose: The prose section introduces students to thought-provoking narratives, essays, and autobiographical accounts. From renowned authors to emerging voices, the selected prose pieces are chosen to stimulate intellectual curiosity and foster a deeper appreciation of literary craftsmanship.

Poetry: The poetry component immerses students in the beauty of language, rhythm, and metaphor. Poems from different eras and cultures are included, inviting students to explore the intricacies of poetic expression. This section not only nurtures an aesthetic sensibility but also encourages a nuanced understanding of the human experience.

Long Reading Text: A significant addition to the syllabus is the inclusion of a long reading text. This could be a novel, a play, or a non-fictional narrative, offering students a sustained engagement with a complete work. This not only broadens their literary horizons but also provides an opportunity for in-depth analysis and critical interpretation.

Section D: Advanced Writing Skills:

The final section of the CBSE Class 12 English syllabus is dedicated to advanced writing skills. Building upon the foundation laid in Section B, this segment challenges students to engage with complex writing tasks. It includes creative writing, literary analysis, and reflective essays, encouraging students to showcase a mature and nuanced command of language.

Assessment Pattern:

The assessment pattern for CBSE Class 12 English has a balanced mix of internal and external evaluation. Internal assessment includes periodic tests, projects, and class participation, fostering a continuous and comprehensive evaluation system. The year-end examination, conducted by CBSE, assesses students on the entire syllabus, comprising reading skills, writing skills, literature, and advanced writing skills.

Challenges and Opportunities:

While the CBSE Class 12 English syllabus for 2022-23 presents challenges in terms of its comprehensive nature and the depth of literary analysis required, it also provides students with the opportunity to cultivate a holistic understanding of the English language. The prescribed texts, thoughtfully curated for their literary merit and thematic relevance, serve as windows into different worlds, fostering empathy, critical thinking, and cultural awareness.

The inclusion of a long reading text encourages students to engage with literature in a sustained manner, fostering a love for reading beyond the confines of the classroom. The writing tasks, both conventional and creative, aim to equip students with the skills necessary for effective communication in various academic and professional spheres.


The CBSE Class 12 English syllabus for the academic year 2022-23 is a carefully crafted roadmap that guides students through the intricate landscapes of language, literature, and critical thinking. It not only imparts essential language skills but also nurtures a love for literature and a deep appreciation for the power of words. As students embark on this intellectual journey, they are not merely preparing for an examination; they are opening doors to a world of knowledge, imagination, and self-discovery that will serve them well beyond the confines of the classroom.

pramod kumar

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